Taiwan

Taiwan is an island and approximately as large as Baden-Wuerttemberg. It is situated in the center of the Asia-Pacific region between the mainland China, Japan and the Philippines and is economically and culturally well integrated in the region. With more than 23 million inhabitants, as many as Bavaria and Baden-Wuerttemberg together, the island is densely populated. Most of the Taiwanese are concentrated in or near the capital Taipei.

Basic Information

Taiwan

Germany

General

Population 

23,377,515

80.523.746

Capital

Taipei

Berlin

Form of government

multiparty-democracy

federal parliamentary republic

Administration

5 direct-controlled municipalities (Kaohsiung, Taichung, Tainan, Taipei, New Taipei), 3 Provincial cities (Chiayi, Hsinchu, Keelung) and 14 counties (Chiayi, Changhua, Hsinchu, Hualien, Kinmen, Lienchiang, Miaoli, Nantou, Penghu, Pingtung, Taitung, Taoyuan, Yilan, Yunlin)

16 federal states (Baden-Wurttemberg, Bavaria, Berlin, Brandenburg, Bremen, Hamburg, Hesse, Mecklenburg-Western Pomerania, Lower Saxony, North Rhine-Westphalia, Rhineland-Palatinate, Saarland, Saxony, Saxony-Anhalt, Schleswig-Holstein, Thuringia)

Currency

New Taiwan Dollar TWD

Euro €

Country code

+ 886

 + 49

National holiday

October 10th - Republic Day

October 3rd - German Unity Day (Tag der Deutschen Einheit)

Official language

Mandarin

German

Geographics

Location

Asia - Pacific

Central Europe

Area in km²

35,980

357,340

Neighboring countries

separated by sea: Japan, People's Republic of China, Philippines

Austria, Belgium, Czech Republic, Denmark, France, Luxembourg, Netherlands, Poland, Switzerland;
separated by sea: Sweden, United Kingdom

Political system

Constitution

Constitution of the Republic of China (中華民國憲法) from 1947 (with amendments)

Grundgesetz (GG) from 1949 (with amendments)

Head of state

President Tsai Ing-Wen 蔡英文 (Since 2016)

Federal president Joachim Gauck (since 2012)

Parliament

Legislative Yuan (113 members)

Bundestag (631 members)

Parties

Parliamentary elections 2016:
- Democratic Progressive Party (DPP): 44.1%
- Kuomintang (KMT): 26.9%
- People First Party: 6.5%
- New Power Party: 6.1%
- Pro-Unification New Party: 4.2%
- Pro-Independence Taiwan Solidarity Party: 2.5%

Parliamentary elections 2013:
- Christliche Demokratische Union (CDU/CSU): 49.3%
- Sozialdemokratische Partei Deutschlands (SPD): 30.6%
- Die Linke: 10,1%
- Bündnis 90/Die Grünen (Grüne): 9.9%

Head of the government

Prime Minister Lin Chuan, Since 2016

Federal Chancellor Dr. Angela Merkel (CDU), since 2004

Last update: May 2016